Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a type of weight-loss surgery. It's done as a laparoscopic surgery, with small incisions in the upper abdomen. The surgeon puts an adjustable band around the top part of the stomach. This creates a very small stomach pouch. In the adjustable laparoscopic gastric banding procedure, a band containing an inflatable balloon is placed around the upper part of the stomach and fixed in place. This creates a small stomach pouch above the band with a very narrow opening to the rest of the stomach. A port is then placed under the skin of the abdomen. A tube connects the port to the band. By injecting or removing fluid through the port, the balloon can be inflated or deflated to adjust the size of the band. Gastric banding restricts the amount of food that your stomach can hold, so you feel full sooner.
The advantages of laparoscopic gastric banding include:
- The possibility of long-term weight loss for those with obesity
- Relatively rapid recovery
- Smaller chance of wound infections and hernias after surgery
- Reduced risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, urinary incontinence, and other conditions related to excess weight
- No loss of nutrient absorption
- Improved quality of life after surgery in many cases